Chloroquine has long been used in the treatment or prevention of malaria from Plasmodium vivax, P. malariae, excluding the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum, for it started to develop widespread resistance to it. Chloroquine has been extensively used in mass drug administrations, which may have contributed to the emergence and spread of resistance. Plaquenil patient assistance Hydroxychloroquine prostate cancer Chloroquine is a medication used to prevent and to treat malaria in areas where malaria is known to be sensitive to its effects. Certain types of malaria, resistant strains, and complicated cases typically require different or additional medication. Jun 14, 2008 Areas where malaria is sensitive to chloroquine. Only Mexico and parts of Central America areas north and west of the Panama Canal, of the Caribbean Haiti and the Dominican Republic, of the Middle East, of North Africa, and of China have malaria sensitive to chloroquine figure figure. Chloroquine or exceptionally proguanil may be used in. Chloroquine Phosphate. Chloroquine is used to prevent or treat malaria caused by mosquito bites in countries where malaria is common. Malaria parasites can enter the body through these mosquito bites, and then live in body tissues such as red blood cells or the liver. In areas where resistance is present, other antimalarials, such as mefloquine or atovaquone, may be used instead. It is recommended to check if chloroquine is still effective in the region prior to using it. Chloroquine sensitive malaria areas Revised Recommendations for Preventing Malaria in., Preventing malaria in travellers How common is chloroquine retinopathyWhat do hydroxychloroquine doPlaquenil and adrenal insufficiency Chloroquine CQ was the cornerstone of anti-malarial treatment in Africa for almost 50 years, but has been widely withdrawn due to the emergence and spread of resistance. Recent reports have suggested that CQ-susceptibility may return following the cessation of CQ usage. Here, we monitor CQ sensitivity and determine the prevalence of genetic polymorphisms in the CQ resistance transporter. Return of chloroquine sensitivity to Africa? Surveillance of.. Chloroquine Oral Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures.. CHLOROQUINE sulfate or phosphate oral - Essential drugs. Chloroquine is the drug of choice for travel to areas where chloroquine resistance has not been described. Chloroquine is active against the erythrocytic forms Fig. 6.3 of sensitive strains of all species of malaria, and it is also gametocidal against P. vivax, P. malariae, and P. ovale. Chloroquine hydroxychloroquine, taken once weekly, is effective for malaria prevention in areas with chloroquine-sensitive malaria Footnote 55. Chloroquine is the drug of choice for the treatment of malaria caused by chloroquine-sensitive P. falciparum and P. vivax, and all P. ovale, P. malariae and P. knowlesi infections Footnote 55. Chloroquine is FDA-approved for the treatment and prophylaxis of uncomplicated malaria in countries where chloroquine-sensitive malaria certain strains of P. falciparum, P. ovale, P. vivax, and P. malariae is present. These countries include Mexico, areas of Central America to the west of the Panama Canal, the Caribbean, East Asia, as well as some Middle Eastern countries.1 The FDA also.